Become a Web Developer in 2021

Become a Web Developer in 2021

While you don’t need to have a computer science degree to become a web developer, you will need to learn some programming skills. You will also need to understand some frameworks and how to design. The coding knowledge required for web development varies over time and depends on what you want to do. 

For instance, you might want to specialize in front-end web development, working with the parts of websites people see every day. Or you might want to specialize in back-end web development. Back-end developers handle the inner workings and code that makes everything go. Or maybe you want to be a full-stack developer, which is someone who understands how the front- and back-end works together. You could also focus on apps for mobile devices like smartphones and tablets. 

Each of these areas can call for different specializations and knowledge. To figure out what you want to do and learn the skills and code you need, you can start with a bootcamp course or other overview course. You might find my Udemy course to be a great place to start.

Course paths vary depending on where you specialize. What is in demand changes over time as new languages gain popularity or new devices come along, like smartphones. In 2020, many web browsers and Adobe stopped supporting Flash, while in past eras knowing Flash was a requirement for web developers. JavaScript went from rarely being used to a foundation of the web. So there is no set-in-stone list of what to learn. However, for the best chance at a job, I like to start people off with: 

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
  • Node.js
  • MongoDB 

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. HTML is technically a markup language, not a programming language. This means it is a set of rules for text. Because the web was originally all text, HTML is the base code that displays everything on the web. The web would not exist without it, but it is not enough on its own.

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